The Soviets built a reusable space shuttle called Buran (“blizzard” or “snowstorm” in Russian).
It has allowed on one hand to apply more modern methods of designing, materials, manufacturing technologies, test methods etc. At ROOM, we share a common objective – promotion of peaceful space exploration for the benefit of humankind, all while bringing you incisive articles on a plethora of interesting topics. Space shuttle vs buran ROOM: The Space Journal is one of the leading magazines on space exploration, technology and industry. “Regular” rockets Vs the Shuttle. Construction of the shuttles began in 1980, and suborbital testing of a scale model began in 1984.
The purposes of the Buran space shuttle were formulated for the first time in the specifications of the universal space system, written by the central headquarters of the spatial means of the defence Ministry of the USSR, and ratified by D.F. Das Space Shuttle ist ein von der NASA in den USA entwickelter Raumfährentyp.. Beide Raumfähren ähneln sich äußerlich stark, weisen aber konzeptionelle Unterschiede auf. Purpose of the Buran shuttle. This begs the question “why?” (photo source unknown) The Energia central core (large diameter, ET-like section) featured … The Shuttle ascends on recoverable SRBs and its own main engines. It's a remnant of the USSR’s failed effort at building a reusable space shuttle as part of the Buran Program. Buran (Snowstorm) The Russian shuttle Buran was authorized in 1976 in response to the United States' Space Shuttle program. The U.S. shuttle design was studied by Russian scientists and the obvious choice was a straight aerodynamic copy of it. By April of 1988, the aerodynamic analogue of the shuttle (OK-GLI) had been worn out after 25 test flights.
Buran, on the other hand, only has orbital maneuvering thrusters and ascends on a fully expendable rocket, Energia. With Buran attached to the Energia launch vehicle on the launch pad, the couple’s remarkable similarity to the US Space Shuttle is apparent. Die Buran (russisch Буран für Buran – Schneesturm) war eine sowjetische Raumfähre, die äußerlich dem US-amerikanischen Space Shuttle ähnelte, und nie zum bemannten Einsatz kam. But it is necessary to remember that "Buran" was created after 'Space-Shuttle' with a break of more than 5 years. The Raw Figures - See how they go head to head - View a table that compares the two shuttle systems.. A CGI Comparison - View a graphical comparison between Buran, the U.S Shuttle as well as other launch vehicles such as the Ariane V and Proton. Launch configuration comparison between the US Space Shuttle and Buran The orbiter itself was an external copy of the American Shuttle but with a number of differences in design details. MiG was selected as subcontractor to build the orbiter. Ustinof on November 7th, 1976 (according to certain sources 8). The Buran-Energia project was created at the beginning of the seventies to counter the American shuttle.
Buran space shuttle and the Energia launcher. The military specification was issued at the same time with the code name Buran. TBH, it's unclear to me why the Russians felt compelled to build a spaceplane in the first place if they didn't try to make the the launch hardware reusable. Indeed, the american shuttle was seen by the Soviet leaders as a formidable military asset, so they decided to create one.
a comprehensive buran space shuttle/orbiter site.